With more than 80,000 chemicals registered for use in commerce under an ineffective regulatory system, how do we begin to protect health? Safer Chemicals, Healthy Families, along with SAFER and our partner states, established a starting point: chemicals we already know to be linked to serious health harm. These “Hazardous 100” chemicals are recognized by at least two governmental authorities to be hazardous, or they pose hazards similar to chemicals on an authoritative list. The Hazardous 100 list includes every chemical that states have worked to regulate, including heavy metals, chemicals in plastic and toxic flame retardants.
The Hazardous 100 chemicals have been linked to one of these health effects: cancer, developmental toxicity, reproductive toxicity, endocrine disruption, or dermal or inhalation sensitization.
19 adopted policies in 12 states
- Current Policies
- Adopted Policies
Hazardous 100 In Our Lives
Some of these chemicals are produced in tens of thousands of pounds—others in more than a billion pounds each year. They are produced or imported to nearly every state by hundreds of companies. We know for certain that 91 of those toxic chemicals are found in consumer products—and that for 78 of them, manufacturers and importers don’t know where they are used.
Hazardous 100 In Our Bodies
The Centers for Disease Control conducts a series of ongoing assessments of chemical by measuring chemicals in people’s blood and urine, also called biomonitoring. The National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals reveals widespread exposure to many of the Hazardous 100 chemicals.
Progress to Protect Health
Though some state policies focus on protecting citizens from a single hazard, others seek approaches that address three gaps in current policy: data on chemical use and exposure, protections that address the greatest exposure risks, and incentives for developing and using safer alternatives. Eighteen states have passed policies taking this more comprehensive view. Policy approaches include:
Reporting and Disclosure: In Washington, for example, manufacturers are required to disclose if their children’s products contain any of 66 toxic chemicals (a subset of the Hazardous 100). This helps authorities better understand the extent of chemical use and exposure. What’s more, requirements for public reporting has also spurred companies to reformulate products rather than to report.
Prioritization: States can help the nation with protocols to set priorities for addressing chemicals based on use volume, exposure risk, persistence and other factors. These priorities can spur companies to not only address high priority chemicals, but also to screen future chemicals using the same priorities.
Green Cleaning: While many policies are organized around chemicals or chemical classes, it is also possible to organize around product category. By addressing cleaning products, state policies can protect people from a range of chemicals linked to health concerns in products with a high potential for exposure.
Green Chemistry and Procurement: It is possible to formulate safer products, if there is support for research and technology. State policies can leverage incentives, regulations, training and technical assistance to promote innovation. States can also use their own government purchasing power to promote safer products by setting standards for green procurement.
Bill Tracker for Hazardous 100
Green Chemistry / Procurement ,
Chemical Prioritization / Disclosure / Phase-out
Green Cleaning ,
Toxic Chemicals General